Goal dependence means that each and every team member depends upon the other team members achieving their goals so that he or she can achieve his or hers.
It also means that the main goal to be performed may be the team goal.
Task interdependence means that when one team member doesn’t do his / her job well, more than one of the other team members can’t do their jobs well either
Goal dependence and task interdependence are at the heart of successful team performance. I know they’re fancy descriptions. Don’t be concerned about that. The implications are what matter.
The Team Exists
Managers have the responsibility for developing effective teams. Notice that I said “developing” not “building” teams. Even if you have only 1 employee, you have a team. It doesn’t need to be “built “.It exists. The team, not the individual, is the basic productive unit in your company.
Multiple Team Membership
Each employee will be a member of at the least two teams. Managers are generally members of at the least three: the management team, the team they actually lead and some other team or teams they be involved in as a manager.
Team Goals Essential
Our inclination as manager is to concentrate of individual performance and individual development. SME advice UK That’s what we’ve been taught. This disregards goal dependence and task interdependence. Yet both of these essentials are clearly evident in virtually any workplace. No part of the business may be really successful without co-operation from other parts. And no individual can succeed without the co-operation of others.
Relevance For Small-Medium Business
In small-medium business, multi-team membership is common, even essential. Employees must interact with many more or “wear many hats” merely due to business size. Rigid, single team membership is far more likely in large business.
Implications For Managers
The truth of Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence implies that small-medium business managers need to review numerous things
What teams exist?
Who’s where teams?
What are the goals and the performance standards of the many teams?
What are the crucial interactions between teams?
Are team incentives already in place?
Do employees value teamwork sufficiently highly?
Are they, the managers, effective team leaders?
Do our systems enhance performance both within and between teams?
Is effective team membership element of our staff selection criteria?
In small-medium business effective team performance is essential. In these businesses a breakdown inside a team or between teams can have devastating results. And because staff may “wear many hats” poor performance in a single area will invariably have serious consequences in others. Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence may seem somewhat like longwinded jargon. Nevertheless they sum up a reality confronting managers in small-medium business every daily.